The persistent, irrational fears of certain objects or situations is called Phobia. Phobias occur in several forms; the fear associated with a phobia can focus on a particular object or be a fear of embarrassment in a public setting. Majority of fears are learned or are brought by accidental scenarios except for a few fears such as the fear of falling, the fear of loud noises and the fear of objects moving towards us. Individuals with a phobia go to great lengths to avoid a perceived danger which is much greater in their minds than in real life.
People avoid their feared objects or situations often because they are overwhelmed by their phobias so much. Fear of an object or situation, such as small animals, snakes, closed-in spaces or flying in an airplane are included in a Specific Phobia.
The fear of being humiliated in a social setting, such as when meeting new people, giving a speech, or talking to the boss are included in Social Phobia. Nearly everyone experiences these fears with mild to moderate intensity, and the fear passes. For people with this type of phobia, however, the fear is extremely disturbing and can interrupt normal life, interfere with work or social relationships in varying degrees of severity. People with social phobia may also have problems with substance cruelty. Many people become so anxious that they experience panic attacks, which are intense and unexpected bursts of terror accompanied by physical symptoms.
Fortunately, through research effective treatments have been developed to help people with phobias. Although most mental health professionals consider phobia that begins in childhood to be a benign disorder, it can last for years if left untreated. Some studies indicate, however, that phobia does not become worse and usually diminishes as an individual ages. Without treatment, the prognosis is poor for an individual who has several phobias. So if you have one, go consult your doctor now.
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